Which answer choice best explains why uranium 238 can be used in power plants to generate electricity?

Which answer choice best explains why uranium-238 can be used in power plants to generate electricity? … Because atoms of uranium-238 have many more protons than neutrons, they attract large numbers of electrons from the surrounding environment.

Which answer choice best explains why nuclear reactions release more energy than chemical reactions quizlet?

Which answer choice best explains why nuclear reactions release more energy than chemical reactions? The force that binds together protons and neutrons is stronger than the force that attracts and repels protons and electrons.

Which reaction most likely releases the greatest amount of energy?

When nucleus of an atom splits then it represents nuclear fission reaction and energy is released during this process. For example, Therefore, we can conclude that out of the given options, the nucleus of an atom is split apart most likely release the greatest amount of energy.

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Which answer choice best explains why atoms of carbon 14 C 14 are unstable quizlet?

Which answer choice best explains why atoms of carbon-14 (C-14) are unstable? Atoms of C-14 have too many negatively charged electrons and too few positively charged protons. … When an isotope’s protons and neutrons come together to form a nuclide, a small amount of mass is converted to energy.

How many neutrons does the isotope N 14 have quizlet?

N-14 has 7 protons and 7 neutrons.

Which reactions are the reverse of one another?

– A synthesis reaction forms a compound from more than one reactant. If that compound is broken down in a decomposition reaction, the products that form might be the same substances that were the reactants in the synthesis reaction. This would be the result in the two reactions being the reverse of one another.

What holds protons together in the nucleus?

The strong nuclear force pulls together protons and neutrons in the nucleus. At very small distances only, such as those inside the nucleus, this strong force overcomes the electromagnetic force, and prevents the electrical repulsion of protons from blowing the nucleus apart.

Which is most likely why many scientists reject the cold fusion theory quizlet?

Which is most likely why many scientists reject the cold fusion theory? There is too much waste involved in the process. Cold fusion experiments have been conducted at room temperature only. The process does not produce enough energy to meet the needs of modern humans.

What represents a balanced nuclear equation?

A nuclear equation is said to be balanced if the sum of the mass number A and sum of the atomic number Z is equal on both sides of the reaction arrow. In nuclear reaction, atoms are represented as follows: Here, A stands for mass number, Z stands for atomic number and X represents the atomic symbol.

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What are the different types of radioactive decay quizlet?

Terms in this set (5)

  • alpha (α) decay. decay of α particles (the nuclei of Helium atoms, with 2 protons and 2 neutrons), causes the loss of 2 protons and 2 neutrons.
  • beta (β-) decay. decay of β- particles (electrons), converts neutrons to protons.
  • positron (β+) decay. …
  • gamma (γ) decay. …
  • spontaneous fission.

What occurs during half life?

What occurs during one half-life? Half of a daughter isotope undergoes radioactive decay to form a parent isotope. Half of a parent isotope undergoes radioactive decay to form a daughter isotope. All of a daughter isotope undergoes radioactive decay to form a parent isotope.

What is the relationship between carbon-14 and nitrogen?

The relationship between carbon14 and nitrogen is that carbon14 forms from nitrogen atoms and eventual decays into atoms of nitrogen14.

For what reason might the nuclei of atoms break apart in radioactivity quizlet?

unstable nuclei that break apart in nuclear reactions to become more stable. These are also called radioisotopes. the process of an unstable nucleus breaking down by releasing high energy radiation. As the unstable nucleus decays, it becomes more stable.

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