What are the basic parameters to be considered while designing a power plant?

Furthermore, five basic parameters can be utilized to “steer” the plant toward greater efficiency. The data to watch are flue gas exit temperature, feedwater flow ratio, condenser terminal temperature difference (TTD), condenser range (RNG), and tower approach (APP).

What are the basic parameters to decide while planning a power plant?

What are two basic parameters to decide while planning a power plant? Ans : The two basic parameters to decide while planning a power plant are (i) (ii) Total power output to be installed Size of the generating units. 6. How the total is installed capacity of a power plant decided?

What needs to be considered in building a power plant?

The selection of the site for a power plant depends upon many factors such as cost of transmission of energy, cost of fuel, cost of land and taxes, requirement of space, availability of site for water power, storage space for fuel, transport facilities, availability of cooling water, nature of load, degree of …

What are the factors to be considered while designing a steam power plant?

The following is a list of factors that influence the selection of site for constructing a Steam power station:

  • Supply of fuel: …
  • Availability of water: …
  • Transportation facilities: …
  • Cost & type of land: …
  • Distance from populated areas: …
  • Nearness to load centers:
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What is main principles of power plant design?

The most important conditions affecting the design of a power plant are: (1) The site; (2) the cost of coal; (3) water supply; (4) character of load; (5) capacity of the station.

How do you calculate plant efficiency?

The same quantitative analysis is used when calculating the thermal efficiency of a power plant: Measure the amount of electricity produced (less any losses) and then divide by the amount of fuel consumed to arrive at the plant’s thermal efficiency.

What are the types of power plants?

Types of power plants for energy generation

  • Nuclear power plants. …
  • Hydroelectric power plants. …
  • Coal-fired power plants. …
  • Diesel-fired power plants. …
  • Geothermal power plants. …
  • Gas-fired power plants. …
  • Solar power plants. …
  • Wind power plants.

What is the essential component of any power plant?

A Thermal power plant is an electric producing plant. The fuel used is water which is a renewable source of energy and also the fuel used is coal-fired, liquefied fuel, natural resources, uranium enrichment. The Essential component used in this system is Pump, Boiler, Turbine, and Condenser.

What is Rankine cycle efficiency?

Thermal Efficiency of Rankine Cycle: The thermal efficiency of the Rankine cycle is the ratio between the work produced by the steam turbine that has been reduced by the pump work, with the incoming heat energy from the boiler. The heat energy from the fuel is transferred to the working fluid i.e. water.

What is advantage and disadvantage of thermal power plant?

As thermal power plants involve the production of large amounts of smoke and fumes, these affect the atmosphere. The overall efficiency of the power plant is low. The maintenance cost is expensive. The water requirement for maintaining the temperature of the turbines is too much.

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Which plant has least cost of operation?

Explanation: Hydroelectric power plant has lowest running cost because it does not needs any fuel and can be operated by few number of persons. Nuclear gas and thermal power plant requires fuels also the handling cost of fuels is added with the total cost.

Power generation