The “powerhouses” of the cell, mitochondria are oval-shaped organelles found in most eukaryotic cells. As the site of cellular respiration, mitochondria serve to transform molecules such as glucose into an energy molecule known as ATP (adenosine triphosphate).
Which is called the powerhouse of a cell?
Mitochondria have been a source of recurrent fascination to biologists since. they were first recognized as threads and granules within the cell cytoplasm.
Why it is called powerhouse of the cell?
Mitochondria are tiny organelles inside cells that are involved in releasing energy from food. This process is known as cellular respiration. It is for this reason that mitochondria are often referred to as the powerhouses of the cell.
What is known as suicidal bags of cell?
Lysosomes are single membrane organelles found in eukaryotic cells. Back in 1959, Christian de Duve gave them their now famous nickname, ‘suicidal bag’, in an attempt to underline their degradative properties.
What is definition of cell?
Listen to pronunciation. (sel) In biology, the smallest unit that can live on its own and that makes up all living organisms and the tissues of the body. A cell has three main parts: the cell membrane, the nucleus, and the cytoplasm.
Why mitochondria is a cell within a cell?
Mitochondria are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion, singular) that generate most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
What is the main function of mitochondrion?
Mitochondrion, membrane-bound organelle found in the cytoplasm of almost all eukaryotic cells (cells with clearly defined nuclei), the primary function of which is to generate large quantities of energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Is called kitchen of plant?
Basically leaf is called the kitchen of the plant and inside trhe leaves there are chloroplasts which are also called the helping hand of the kitchen.