Diversity factor =Sum of Individual Max. Demand / Max. Demand = 6 Kw / 1.5 Kw =4. Demand Factor = Maximum demand / Total connected load = 1.5 Kw / 12 Kw = 0.125.
What is meant by diversity factor in electrical?
electrical engineering. : the ratio of the sum of the maximum power demands of the subdivisions of any electric power system to the maximum demand of the whole system measured at the point of supply.
How do you calculate maximum demand and diversity?
Maximum demand is the load after applying diversity, for example: Total Connected Load x Diversity = Maximum Demand.
Can diversity factor be less than 1?
The diversity factor can be equal or greater than 1. If the value of the diversity factor is greater than 1, then it is a good diversity factor, and 1.0 represents a poor diversity factor. A high diversity factor has the effect of reducing the maximum demand.
What is a demand factor in electricity?
: the ratio of the maximum demand during an assigned period upon an electric-power system to the load actually connected during that time expressed usually in per cent.
What is the purpose of diversity factor?
The diversity factor provides a correction factor to use, resulting in a lower total power load for the ten AC units.
Why do we calculate diversity factor?
Use of diversity factor:
This diversity factor is used to estimate the load of a particular node in the system. Diversity factor can be used to estimate the total load required for a facility or to size the Transformer.
What is maximum demand and diversity?
The maximum demand is the connected load including any allowance made for diversity. We could say that it is the maximum anticipated load or the actual load. The maximum demand can include allowance for future loading. Diversity is the ratio of the maximum demand to. the connected load and is expressed as a.
What is the formula for calculating maximum demand?
Maximum Demand= Connected Load x Load Factor / Power Factor.
What is maximum demand in meter?
Maximum Demand meter is used for monitoring thermal loading in Power Distribution systems, Networks, Machines etc. It indicates maximum loading current over a period. … In the Maximum Demand meter the measuring current flows through the bimetal spiral which is temperature sensitive.
What is the difference between demand factor and diversity factor?
Demand factor is the ratio of the maximum (peak) demand to the full load of a device in a specific period of time. I t is usually less than 1. Diversity factor is the ratio of the sum of the individual maximum (peak) demands of the various subdivisions of the system to the maximum(peak) demand of the whole system.
What is diversity factor in HVAC?
Diversity is defined as the probability that an internal gain will be active at the time of peak building load. An ASHRAE research project on office buildings noted diversity factors for lighting ranging from 70 to 85% and for receptacles between 42 to 89%.
How will you improve the diversity factor?
A high diversity factor could be obtained by: Giving incentives to farmers and/or some industries to use electricity in the night or light load periods. Using day-light saving as in many other countries. Staggering the office timings.