Quick Answer: What are the four main circuits of thermal power plant?

What are the circuits units of a thermal power plant?

The circuit includes a pump, condenser, cooling tower etc. the exhaust steam from the turbine is condensed in condenser. In the condenser, cold water is circulated to condense the steam into water. The steam is condensed by losing its latent heat to the circulating cold water.

What are the main components of thermal power plant?

Principal Components of a Thermal Power Plant

  • Boiler (1) A huge boiler acts as a furnace transferring heat from the burning fuel to row upon row of water tubes that entirely surround the flames. …
  • Drum (2) …
  • High-pressure (HP) Turbine (3) …
  • Medium-pressure(MP) turbine (4) …
  • Low-pressure(LP) Turbine (5)

What are the four types of power station that generate electricity?

Types of power plants for energy generation

  • Nuclear power plants. …
  • Hydroelectric power plants. …
  • Coal-fired power plants. …
  • Diesel-fired power plants. …
  • Geothermal power plants. …
  • Gas-fired power plants. …
  • Solar power plants. …
  • Wind power plants.
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What is the working of thermal power plant?

Thermal power station’s working principle is “Heat released by burning fuel which produces (working fluid) (steam) from water. Generated steam runs the turbine coupled to a generator which produces electrical energy in Thermal Power Plants.

What is the efficiency of thermal power plant?

The actual thermal efficiency of a modern thermal power plant usually ranges between 35% and 49%. 2.3 Generator loss Modern generators usually attain an efficiency of around 96%-99%. As shown above, in the three main stages of thermal power generation, most of the energy loss comes from cold source loss.

What is a superheater in boiler?

A superheater is a device used to convert saturated steam or wet steam into superheated steam or dry steam. Superheated steam is used in steam turbines for electricity generation, steam engines, and in processes such as steam reforming.

What are the advantages of thermal power plant?

Advantages of Thermal Power Plants

  • Making Energy from Thermal Power plants is easy.
  • The fuel used (coal) is cheap.
  • Thermal Power Plant can be set up anywhere near fuel and water supply.
  • It requires less space as compared to the hydroelectric power station.

Which power plant is most efficient?

Today we announced that the Chubu Electric Nishi-Nagoya power plant Block-1 – powered by GE’s 7HA gas turbine – has been recognized by GUINNESS WORLD RECORDS™ as the world’s Most efficient combined-cycle power plant, based on achieving 63.08 percent gross efficiency.

How much voltage does a power station?

1 – The voltage of the current produced by a generating station can reach 13,800 volts, like at the Robert-Bourassa generating facility. 2 – Thanks to the voltage step-up transformer located in the generating station’s switchyard, the electricity is transmitted at much higher voltages, from 44,000 to 765,000 volts.

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What are the 3 types of fuel?

There are three types of fossil fuels which can all be used for energy provision; coal, oil and natural gas.

What are the problems of thermal power plant?

The thermal power plant has serious impacts on land , soil, air and various social impacts the thermal power plant are also said to emit large amount of mercury and generate large quantity of fly ash which destroys the surrounding environment. These plants also consume a large amount of water.

Is fossil fuel is used in thermal power plant?

For option (D) – A majority of the world’s energy is provided by fossil fuels i.e. coal petroleum or natural gas which are utilized by thermal power plants. Hence option (D) is the correct answer.

Power generation