# What happens to solar energy once it passes through the magnetic field?

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## What happens to the energy from the sun incoming solar radiation once it passes into the Earth’s atmosphere?

Energy released from the Sun is emitted as shortwave light and ultraviolet energy. When it reaches the Earth, some is reflected back to space by clouds, some is absorbed by the atmosphere, and some is absorbed at the Earth’s surface.

## How does solar radiation interact with the magnetic field?

The magnetosphere is a strong magnetic field that surrounds our planet. Acting as a shield, it deflects most solar energetic particle radiation that emanates from the Sun. … Magnetic fields deflect the motion of particles possessing a net electrical charge.

## What happens when the sun’s magnetic field flips?

Unlike the Earth however, the Sun’s global dipole magnetic field flips or reverses polarity every 11 years around the maximum phase of each 11 year solar cycle. During the reversal, the polarity of the solar polar fields in both hemispheres reverses or changes to the opposite polarity.

## What happens to solar energy reaching the Earth?

Once the sun’s energy reaches earth, it is intercepted first by the atmosphere. A small part of the sun’s energy is directly absorbed, particularly by certain gases such as ozone and water vapor. Some of the sun’s energy is reflected back to space by clouds and the earth’s surface.

## Which part of the Earth absorbs the most sunlight?

Because Earth is a sphere, not all part of the Earth receives the same amount of solar radiation. More solar radiation is received and absorbed near the equator than at the poles. Near the equator, the Sun’s rays strike the Earth most directly, while at the poles the rays strike at a steep angle.

## What is the fundamental energy balance for Earth?

Earth’s energy balance refers to the balance between the amount of incoming solar radiation and outgoing terrestrial radiation. In a 1-year period, the overall average flow of energy to and from Earth must balance, or the global mean (average) temperature of Earth would change.

## How many hours does it take solar winds to reach Earth?

CMEs travel outward from the Sun at speeds ranging from slower than 250 kilometers per second (km/s) to as fast as near 3000 km/s. The fastest Earth-directed CMEs can reach our planet in as little as 15-18 hours. Slower CMEs can take several days to arrive.

## How does the magnetic field protect us?

The magnetic field of the Earth plays a very important role in our lives, it protects us from the solar winds. These are currents of particles charged of energy emanated from the sun which emit radiation. … The magnetosphere deflects the dangerous ultraviolet rays of the sun, keeping us safe from any risk.

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## What protects Earth from solar radiation?

The ozone layer acts as a filter for the shorter wavelength and highly hazardous ultraviolet radiation (UVR) from the sun, protecting life on Earth from its potentially harmful effects. … That is,the lower the ozone levels, the higher the solar UVR.

## What happens if Earth’s magnetic field flips?

Read more: The north pole is moving and if it flips, life on Earth is in trouble. When the magnetic field weakens, more cosmic rays enter the atmosphere and transform certain atoms into radioactive carbon-14, raising levels of this isotope.

## What happens when Earth polarity flip?

But the reality is that: Multiple magnetic fields would fight each other. This could weaken Earth’s protective magnetic field by up to 90% during a polar flip. Earth’s magnetic field is what shields us from harmful space radiation which can damage cells, cause cancer, and fry electronic circuits and electrical grids.